Nikon 與 Canon 新機身比較表



Nikon 發表了震撼的 D3 與 D300 機身,還有五款鏡頭,確實是讓我們這種 N 家的用戶大為振奮啊!不過,不要說 D3 買不起了,D300 也買不起。

很多器材的意淫與感想,別人都發表很多了,我也就不要重複說了。來提一些我自己的想法吧!

  • D3/D300 的 LiveView 模式仍然可以自動對焦,但 Canon 的 LiveView 模式只有手動對焦(應為 dpreview 網站資料錯誤)。
  • D3 的 5:4 尺寸,我會覺得是拿來解決邊角失光的權宜之計。
  • D3 似乎沒有提及除塵系統?
  • 去意淫 DIGIC III 還是 EXPEED 然後認為就可以怎麼樣的想法我覺得很幼稚,反正就是看最後成品照,好就是好,不好就是不好,大家還是會把帳算在 Nikon 與 Canon 頭上,而不是只算在這兩顆晶片上。
  • D3/D300 的 LCD 可視角度達到 170 度,這對於 LiveView 時的幫助很大,尤其是當大家都希望能夠有翻轉式 LCD 時,可視角度寬廣的 LCD 螢幕可以說是不無小補。
  • DX(APS) 與 FX(FF) 會共存,是不同價位的產品線。理由是這次出的全幅鏡頭及機身,全部都是高價位。想要享受 24-70mm 這個焦段的便宜貨,請用 DX 機身 + 副廠恆定 F2.8 變焦鏡來解決。
  • 過去有個觀念:「機身防手震就能讓所有鏡頭都防手震化,所以是很節省成本的作法」,可是我們可以看到,機身防手震會直接幫助到便宜鏡頭沒錯,但是畫質好的恆定光圈鏡,不管有沒有 VR/IS/其他減震名目,其實都很貴,當你已經買得起四五萬元的鏡頭時,你恐怕不會覺得多一個 VR/IS 機制後所增加的成本有多痛了。此外理論上鏡頭防手震的效果會比機身防手震要來得佳,因為可以針對每個鏡頭的焦段特性最佳化 VR/IS 的零件。當然,過去這個觀念還是有他的道理,只是,沒有錢買四五萬元鏡頭的人,又能買幾顆便宜的鏡頭來享受「所有鏡頭均防手震」的效益?而買得起打鳥鏡頭的人,不管買哪一家的鏡頭+機身,恐怕都要準備二十萬以上的台幣才能打好鳥,其實也不會在乎那一點點錢是不是可以用防手震機身去省了。


以下我把最近這四台機身的規格,從 www.dpreview.com 那邊抄過來,把我覺得值得比較的項目都列在一起,方便做個比較。

 Nikon D3Nikon D300Canon 1Ds Mark IIICanon 40D
價格US: $ 4999US: $ 1799US: $7,999US: $ 1,299
機身結構Magnesium alloyMagnesium alloyMagnesium alloy (exterior, chassis and mirror box)Magnesium alloy
感光元件• 36 x 23.9 mm CMOS
sensor
• FX format
• RGB Color Filter Array
• Built-in fixed low-pass filter
• 12.9 million total pixels
• 12.1 million effective pixels
• 3:2 aspect ratio
• 23.6 x 15.8 mm CMOS
sensor
• DX format
• RGB Color Filter Array
• Built-in fixed low-pass filter (with self-cleaning unit)
• 13.1 million total pixels
• 12.3 million effective pixels
• 3:2 aspect ratio
• 36 x 24 mm CMOS
sensor
• Full 35 mm size frame
• RGB Color Filter Array
• Built-in fixed low-pass filter (with self-cleaning unit)
• 21.9 million total pixels
• 21.1 million effective pixels
• 6.4 µm pixel pitch
• 3:2 aspect ratio
• 22.2 x 14.8 mm CMOS
sensor
• RGB Color Filter Array
• Built-in fixed low-pass filter (with self-cleaning unit)
• 10.5 million total pixels
• 10.1 million effective pixels
• 5.7 µm pixel pitch
• 3:2 aspect ratio
影像處理核心EXPEEDEXPEEDDual DIGIC IIIDIGIC III
A/D conversion14 bit14 bit14 bit14 bit
影像大小FX:
• 4256 x 2832 [L; 12.1 MP]
• 3184 x 2120 [M; 6.8 MP]
• 2128 x 1416 [S; 3.0 MP]

DX:
• 2784 x 1848 [L; 5.1 MP]
• 2080 x 1384 [M; 2.9 MP]
• 1392 x 920 [S; 1.3 MP]]

5:4:
• 3552 x 2832 [L; 10.0 MP]
• 2656 x 2120 [M; 5.6 MP]
• 1776 x 1416 [S; 2.5 MP]

• 4288 x 2848 [L; 12.2
MP]
• 3216 x 2136 [M; 6.9 MP]
• 2144 x 1424 [S; 3.1 MP]
• 5616 x 3744 (L; 21.0
MP)
• 4992 x 3328 (M1; 16.6 MP)
• 4080 x 2720 (M2; 11.0 MP)
• 2784 x 1856 (S; 5.2 MP)
• 3888 x 2592 (L; 10.1
MP)
• 2816 x 1880 (M; 5.3 MP)
• 1936 x 1288 (S; 2.5 MP)
除塵?• Self-cleaning sensor unit
(‘Clean image sensor’) *
• Image dust-off data acquisition (Capture NX required)
• "EOS Integrated
Cleaning System"
• Self-cleaning sensor unit (filter in front of sensor vibrates at high
frequency at start-up and shutdown – can be disabled)
• Dust Delete Data – Data from a test shot is used to ‘map’ dust spots and
can be later removed using Canon DPP Software
• "EOS Integrated
Cleaning System"
• Self-cleaning sensor unit (filter in front of sensor vibrates at high
frequency at start-up and shutdown – can be disabled)
• Dust Delete Data – Data from a test shot is used to ‘map’ dust spots and
can be later removed using Canon DPP Software
對焦系統• 51 focus points (15
cross-type sensors)
• Multi-CAM 3500FX
• AF working range: -1 to +19 EV (ISO 100, normal temperature)
• Contrast Detect in Live View (Tripod) mode
• 51 focus points (15
cross-type sensors) *
• Multi-CAM 3500DX *
• AF working range: -1 to +19 EV (ISO 100, normal temperature)
• Contrast Detect in Live View (Tripod) mode
• 45-point TTL
• 19 cross-type points, require F2.8 or faster lens *
• Center cross-type point requires F4.0 or faster lens
• 26 assist points, require F5.6 or faster lens *
• TTL-AREA-SIR with a CMOS sensor
• AF working range: -1.0 to 18 EV (at 23°C, ISO 100)
• 9-point TTL CMOS
sensor
• All points cross-type for lenses of F5.6 or faster *
• Center point additionally sensitive with lenses of F2.8 or faster *
• AF working range: -0.5 – 18 EV (at 23°C, ISO 100)
測光•TTL full-aperture exposure
metering using 1005-pixel RGB sensor
• 3D Color Matrix Metering II (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering
II (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering (non-CPU lenses if user provides
lens data; metering performed)
• Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 8, 15, or 20 mm dia. circle in
center of frame or weighting based on average of entire frame
• Spot: Meters approx. 4 mm dia. circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on
selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
•TTL full-aperture exposure
metering using 1005-pixel RGB sensor
• 3D Color Matrix Metering II (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering
II (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering (non-CPU lenses if user provides
lens data; metering performed)
• Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 6, 8, 10, or 13 mm dia. circle in
center of frame or weighting based on average of entire frame (8 mm circle
when non-CPU lens is used)
• Spot: Meters approx. 3 mm dia. circle (about 2.0% of frame) centered on
selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
• 63 zone metering linked
to 19 AF points *

• Modes: Center, Linked to AF point, Multi-spot (up to 8 readings)

• TTL 35 zone SPC
測光範圍• 3D Color Matrix Metering:
0 to 20 EV
• Center-Weighted Metering: 0 to 20 EV
• Spot Metering: 2 to 20 EV
• At normal temperature (20°C/68°F), ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens
• 3D Color Matrix Metering:
0 to 20 EV
• Center-Weighted Metering: 0 to 20 EV
• Spot Metering: 2 to 20 EV
• At normal temperature (20°C/68°F), ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens
• Metering range: 0 – 20 EV• Metering range: EV 0.0 – 20 EV *
感光度• Default: ISO 200 – 6400
in 1/3, 1/2 or 1.0 EV steps
• Boost: 100 – 12800 in 1/3, 1/2 or 1.0 EV steps, HI2 = ISO 25600
• Default: ISO 200 – 3200
in 1/3, 1/2 or 1.0 EV steps
• Boost: 100 – 6400 in 1/3, 1/2 or 1.0 EV steps
• ISO 100 – 1600
• 0.3 or 1.0 EV increments
• ISO 50 (Enhanced L)
• ISO 3200 (Enhanced H)
• Auto ISO (see below)*
• ISO 100 – 1600
• 0.3 or 1.0 EV increments
• ISO 3200 (Enhanced H)
快門• Electronically-controlled
vertical-travel focal plane shutter
• 30 to 1/8000 sec (1/3, 1/2 or 1.0 EV steps)
• Flash X-Sync: 1/250 sec
• Bulb
• Electronically-controlled
vertical-travel focal plane shutter
• 30 to 1/8000 sec (1/3, 1/2 or 1.0 EV steps)
• Flash X-Sync: 1/250 sec (up to 1/320 sec with reduced GN *)
• Bulb
• Focal-plane shutter
• 300,000 exposure durability *
• 30 – 1/8000 sec
• 0.3, 0.5 or 1.0 EV increments
• Flash X-Sync: 1/250 sec
• Bulb
• Focal-plane shutter
• 100,000 exposure durability
• 30 – 1/8000 sec
• 0.3 or 0.5 EV increments
• Flash X-Sync: 1/250 sec
• Bulb
白平衡• Auto (1005-pixel CCD,
image sensor)
• Presets (seven) with fine tuning
• Manual presets (four)
• Color temperature in Kelvin (2500 – 10000 K, 31 steps)
• White balance bracketing (2 to 9 frames, 10,20,30 MIRED steps)
• Auto (1005-pixel CCD,
image sensor)
• Presets (seven) with fine tuning *
• Manual presets (four)
• Color temperature in Kelvin (2500 – 10000 K, 31 steps)
• White balance bracketing (2 to 9 frames, 10,20,30 MIRED steps)
• Auto
• Daylight
• Shade
• Cloudy
• Tungsten
• Fluorescent
• Flash
• Custom (up to 5 can be stored)
• Kelvin (2500 – 10000 K in 100 K steps)
• Personal WB (up to 5 can be preset in software *)
• Auto
• Daylight
• Shade
• Cloudy
• Tungsten
• Fluorescent
• Flash
• Custom
• Kelvin (2500 * – 10000 K in 100 K steps)
觀景窗• Optical-type fixed
eye-level pentaprism
• Built-in diopter adjustment (-3 to +1m-1)
• Eyepoint: 18 mm (at -1.0m-1)
• Focusing screen: Type B BriteView Clear Matte VI screen
• Frame coverage 100%
• Viewfinder magnification approx 0.7x with 50 mm f/1.4 lens
• Optical-type fixed
eye-level pentaprism
• Built-in diopter adjustment (-2 to +1m-1)
• Eyepoint: 19.5 mm (at -1.0m-1)
• Frame coverage 100% *
• Viewfinder magnification approx 0.94x with 50 mm f/1.4 lens
• Eye-level
pentaprism
• 100% frame coverage
• Magnification: 0.76x * (-1 diopter with 50 mm lens at infinity)
• Eyepoint: 20 mm
• Dioptric adjustment: -3 to +1 diopter
• Precision matte screen Ee-C IV (interchangeable)
• Eye-piece shutter available via lever
• Eye-level
pentaprism
• 95% frame coverage
• Magnification: 0.95x * (-1 diopter with 50 mm lens at infinity)
• Eyepoint: 22 mm *
• Interchangeable focusing screen Ef-A standard (2 other types optional)
*
• Dioptric adjustment: -3.0 to +1.0 diopter
LCD螢幕• 3.0 " TFT LCD
• 922,000 pixels(實際 640×480)
• 170° viewing angle
• Brightness adjustment
• 3.0 " TFT LCD
• 922,000 pixels(實際 640×480)
• 170° viewing angle
• Brightness adjustment
• 3.0" TFT LCD
• 230,000 pixels(實際 320×240)
• 7 brightness levels
• 3.0 " TFT LCD
• 230,000 pixels(實際 320×240)
• 7 brightness levels
LCD即時預覽• Handheld mode: TLL
phase-difference AF with 51 focus areas (15 cross-type sensors)
• Tripod mode: focal-plane contrast AF on a desired point within a specific
area
• Handheld mode: TLL
phase-difference AF with 51 focus areas (15 cross-type sensors)
• Tripod mode: focal-plane contrast AF on a desired point within a specific
area
• Live TTL display of scene
from CMOS image sensor
• 100% frame coverage
• Real-time evaluative metering using CMOS image sensor
• Best view or exposure simulation
• Grid optional (thirds)
• Magnify optional (5x or 10x at AF point)
• Aspect ratio masking for 6:6, 3:4, 4:5, 6:7, 10:12 and 5:7
• Remote live view using EOS Utility 2.0 (via USB or WiFi/Ethernet using
WFT)
• Manual focus only(應該是錯誤的)
• Live TTL display of scene
from CMOS image sensor
• 100% frame coverage
• Real-time evaluative metering using CMOS image sensor
• Best view or exposure simulation
• Grid optional (thirds)
• Magnify optional (5x or 10x at AF point)
• Optional Auto-focus with mirror-down / mirror-up sequence
• Two modes; normal and quieter
• Remote live view using EOS Utility 2.0 (via USB or WiFi/Ethernet using
WFT)
• Manual focus only(應該是錯誤的)
連拍能力• Single frame
• Continuous Low [CL]: 1 – 9 fps
• Continuous High [CH]: 9 fps (9 – 11 fps with DX format)
• Liveview [LV]
• Self-Timer (programmable)
• Mirror-up mode
• Single frame
• Continuous Low [CL]
• Continuous High [CH]
• Liveview [LV]
• Self-Timer (programmable)
• Mirror-up mode
• With built-in battery: up to 6 fps
• With AC adapter or MB-D10 pack and batteries other than EN-EL3e: up to 8
fps
• Single
• Silent (single frame) *
• High-speed continuous: 5 fps * (adjustable 5 – 2 fps)
• Low-speed continuous: 3 fps * (adjustable 4 – 1 fps)
• Self-timer: 2 or 10 sec (3 sec with mirror lock-up)
• Single
• High-speed continuous: 6.5 fps *
• Low-speed continuous: 3 fps
• Self-timer: 2 or 10 sec (3 sec with mirror lock-up)
連拍緩衝區• JPEG Large/Normal: 64
shots (at 9 fps)
• RAW: no data yet
• JPEG Large/Normal: 100
shots (at 6 fps)
• RAW: no data yet
• Large/Fine JPEG: 56
frames
• RAW: 12 frames
• RAW+JPEG: 10 frames
• Large/Fine JPEG: 75
frames
• RAW: 17 frames
• RAW+JPEG: 14 frames
自訂功能? custom functions48 custom functions57 custom functions in 4 groups24 custom functions in 4 groups
儲存媒體• Dual Compact Flash Type I
or II
• Dual modes: overflow, back-up, RAW on 1 / JPEG on 2, copy
• UDMA, Microdrive and FAT32 supported
• 36 characters of text can be input and stored in EXIF header
• Compact Flash Type I or
II
• UDMA *, Microdrive and FAT32 supported
• 36 characters of text can be input and stored in EXIF header
• Compact Flash Type I or
II (supports UDMA) *
• SD card slot (supports SD/SDHC) *
• External USB hard drives (requires WFT-E2/E2A) *
• Canon Original Data Security Kit supported ("Original Image
Data")
• Compact Flash Type I or
II (inc. FAT32)
• Canon Original Data Security Kit supported ("Original Image
Data")
• No CF card supplied
電力資訊The LCD monitor on the
camera back displays the following information about the battery:
• Remaining charge (%)
• No. of shots taken since last charge
• Battery life (5 stages)
The LCD monitor on the
camera back displays the following information
about the EN-EL3e battery:
• Remaining charge (%)
• No. of shots taken since last charge
• Battery life (5 stages)
• Current power
source
• Remaining capacity
• Current shutter count on this battery charge
• Recharge performance
• Lithium-Ion BP-511A
rechargeable battery (supplied & charger)
• Supports BP-511 / BP-511A / BP-512 / BP-514
• CR2016 Lithium battery (date/time backup)
• Optional AC adapter
大小160 x 157 x 88 mm (6.3 x
6.2 x 3.4 in)
147 x 114 x 74 mm (5.8 x
4.5 x 2.9 in)
150 x 160 x 80 mm (6.1 x
6.2 x 3.1 in)
146 x 108 x 74 mm (5.7 x 4.2 x 2.9 in)
重量(不含電池)1240 g (2.7 lb)825 g (1.82 lb)1205 g (2.7 lb)740 g (1.6 lb)

如果您發現此表有任何錯誤,或者您也有想要補充的比較項目,歡迎隨時留言告訴我。



加入 LINE@ 獲得隨裕而安的最新文章通知


您可能會有興趣的文章

11 個回應

  1. 匿名訪客表示:

    Canon LCD 23萬像素也是灌水的喔。
    320X240=76800
    76800X3=2304000

  2. Johnson.Wang表示:

    哈!原來是這樣,謝謝您的提醒,來修正一下。 😉

  3. 匿名訪客表示:

    再加個1Dmk3如何?感恩喔

  4. Johnson.Wang表示:

    其實我比較想加 Nikon D2x 的,因為歷來 Nikon 的機身都有以下犯上的傳統,這次很多人也說 D300 根本就是 D2x 下放,但是到底下放到什麼程度我也很好奇。而且再加一欄那每一欄就更窄了,所以我再想想吧!

  5. FIREFALCON表示:

    (嘆…)一開始看到40D原本想, 終於有台APS-C足夠引誘我換掉350D.
    看到Nikon的出擊, 還真令人傻眼.
    不過D300應該會破六萬的售價…, 跟40D還是有一萬多差距.
    看來, 5D後繼機canon應該也被迫只能賣比D300貴一點.
    忍著…, 等著撿便宜5D或者5D mk2了…

  6. San Wang表示:

    呼呼呼∼Nikon 出頭天了,雖然我還是只能用 D80。 (H)

  7. Johnson.Wang表示:

    其實我也是只能用 D80,換不起 D300。 (cry)

  8. Sundance表示:

    您好
    關於您文中提到的LCD90萬畫素有灌水之嫌,
    以下是我在mobile01上看到的文章,
    我認為比較正確,供您參考

    http://www.mobile01.com/topicdetail.php?f=248&t=386297&p=14
    (第203篇)
    其實在數位相機的螢幕標示普遍都是這樣,以主流QVGA解析度來說:
    320 X 240 X 3(RGB) = 230400 = 23萬畫素 (也就是Canon的3″ 23萬畫素)
    而Nikon用的是VGA的解析度:
    640 X 480 X 3(RGB) = 921600 = 92萬畫素
    的確是比Canon那片3″多四倍的畫素,不管是比有沒有乘以3(RGB)

  9. 蛋糕妹表示:

    請問 沒碰過單眼的人 是否不建議直接購入等級較高的設備?
    就市面上琳瑯滿目的機種來看 2萬元以內的是不是就足夠初學者使用?
    那麼 可否不需透過課程的學習 自己摸索或是參考別人的使用心得就可以了呢?
    (當然 如果預算許可 也是可以尋求一些課程的管道來讓自己的技術更進一步啦)
    謝謝回覆 ^^

  10. Johnson.Wang表示:

    > 請問 沒碰過單眼的人 是否不建議直接購入等級較高的設備?

    我覺得也不會,行有餘力,直接使用較高級的機身,我覺得也未嘗不可。當然對於一個初學者來講,直接使用較高的機身,一方面無法立即感受到高低階機身的差異,二方面高階的機身並不會在初學者身上發生拍的更好看的狀況,甚至可能會拍的更難看也不一定。

    但我不會反對初學時直接購入中高階的機身就是了,畢竟這樣子學起來會更完整。就以我比較熟的 Nikon 機身來說,買低階的 D40/D40x/D50/D60 這幾種機身,一般曝光組合是夠了,可是你玩不到 Nikon 的無線閃燈系統,SB-600/SB-800 這兩種閃光燈也無法在低階的機身上發揮全部的功能。

    > 就市面上琳瑯滿目的機種來看 2萬元以內的是不是就足夠初學者使用?

    其實這因人而異,我想是沒有標準答案啦~看你想要學到什麼程度,但,對於初學者來說,也根本不曉得自己應該學習到什麼程度,都是要玩一陣子才會慢慢發現自己愛拍什麼、不愛拍什麼。

    > 那麼 可否不需透過課程的學習 自己摸索或是參考別人的使用心得就可以了呢?
    (當然 如果預算許可 也是可以尋求一些課程的管道來讓自己的技術更進一步啦)

    我覺得是可以的。但管道如果是透過網路的話,你要花上極大的時間去學習,因為現在的攝影網站,我覺得變成三種取向:

    1. 器材狂、開箱文,琳瑯滿目的各式各樣器材介紹、大車拼、高裝檢、疊疊樂,完全沒有攝影技術的討論。

    2. 高手分享他們的毒照片,照片美的令人心醉,但是多半不會告訴你這是怎麼拍的,也不會留下拍照時的 EXIF 資訊,更喜歡讓你以為某器材某鏡頭就是可以拍這麼美,其實他後製的功夫全部一個字都不講,也等於幾乎沒有攝影技術的討論。

    3. 廠牌大戰區,整天當嘴砲魔人,自以為是各家相機廠的 CEO,替相機在決定下一代機身該怎麼做,器材該多少錢,對手有多笨或多聰明,完全沒有攝影技術的討論。

    只有極少數極少數的人願意分享他們的拍照經驗,與一些美美照的拍法,但這種討論不但量很少,也很快救被淹沒。

    所以想要學的快一點的話,我是覺得去買攝影的書來看,會比較快。

  11. 蛋糕妹表示:

    😀 很感謝Johnson大大每一次都很細心的講解 (Y) (Y)
    我就是被那些高手所拍的毒照片給毒到啦..(就如您所說的那般)
    我真的非常感謝你們喔
    我期待能挑一台適合自己的單眼相機的 ^^

發佈留言

發佈留言必須填寫的電子郵件地址不會公開。

(love) 
(hahaha) 
(please!) 
(shocked) 
(sad) 
(oh no!) 
(super angry) 
(hee) 
(moon grin) 
(oops) 
(moon wink) 
(content) 
(gasp!) 
(blue) 
(nom nom) 
(ah...) 
(at last!) 
(haha) 
(sparkling eyes) 
(kiss me) 
(tongue out) 
(frozen) 
(cony kiss) 
(hmph) 
(brr) 
(half dead) 
(sharp) 
(panic) 
(doze off) 
(aww) 
(argh!) 
(hello) 
(eh?!) 
(goodnight) 
 

Facebook 留言